Safe Build Modules

Administrator: Victor Smith    (Price R100.00)

Code Title
HS001Administration and Legal Requirements

Before any construction work begins it is important to understand and complete the appropriate Health and Safety Administration process. Although this process often seems boring or unnecessary, long term, well-managed Health and Safety Administration can save lives.

The Contractor is responsible for the following Administration Processes:

  1. Notification of Construction
  2. Copy of the Occupational Health and Safety Act
  3. Registration with Compensation Insurer
  4. Health and Safety Plan
  5. Hazard Identification and Risk Assessments
  6. Legal Appointments
  7. Health and Safety Representatives
  8. Health and Safety Committees
  9. Agreement with Mandatories (Sub-contractors)
  10. First Aid and Facilities
  11. Recording, Reporting and Investigation of Incidents
HS002Education, Training and Promotion

Routine construction work can dull alertness and a relaxed attitude can replace the caution that existed when the job was new and interesting. In many jobs the same tasks are repeated with little conscious thought. Without some periodic reawakening to the ever-present hazards, lethargy deepens and the odds of an accident occurring can increase.

There are many rules and regulations regarding Health and Safety, but these are useless if not communicated and displayed correctly to the appropriate persons. This course will show, and help guide the contractor to apply the required education, training and promotion to a construction site.

The contractor is responsible for the following education, training and promotion aspects:

  1. Company OHS policy
  2. HIVAIDS and substance abuse policies
  3. Induction Training for all employees and visitors
  4. General site OHS rules
  5. Hazard identification and task specific training
  6. OHS promotion
HS003Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness

In most cases construction sites are located close to public areas or amongst already populated public spaces. In the interests of protecting general public from the hazards associated with these construction sites, it is necessary and the responsibility of the contractor to display appropriate signage to inform public of the dangers apparent during the construction period.

The items covered in this topic are:

  1. Notices and Signs required at a Construction Site
  2. Site safeguarding
  3. Security Measures
  4. Emergency Preparedness
  5. Emergency Drill and Evacuation
HS004Personal Protective Equipment & Clothing

Personal Protective Equipment and Clothing or "PPE" refers to the equipment to wear on site that will protect and limit employee's exposure to harmful hazards. It is the Contractor's responsibility to identify all safety hazards and thereafter make an attempt to remove the hazards, should it not be possible to remove the hazard then and only then workers' exposure to these hazards must be provided with suitable PPE.

The items covered in this topic are:

1. Needs analysis for PPE

2. Types of PPE

3. Issuing of PPE

4. Maintenance of PPE

5. Wearing and use of PPE

6. Record keeping of issuing of PPE

HS005Housekeeping

Construction sites, by their nature, will always generate waste and byproducts therefore it is important that all items of Scrap, unsuitable off-cuts, rubble and redundant material are placed in designated areas and removed from site at least once a day.

The items covered in this topic are:

1. Scrap Removal System
2. Stacking and Storage
3. Waste Control

HS006Scaffolding

Scaffolding is an essential and highly risk filled component of most building projects and its safe implementation is absolutely vital. All scaffold work must be overseen by a Scaffold Supervisor. A Supervisor, Scaffold Erector, Scaffold Inspector and Team Leader must be competent and fully trained to ensure safe scaffolding on site. These appointments must be made in writing using an appropriate appointment form.

Weekly scaffold inspections must be conducted by the scaffold inspector as well as after inclement weather and alterations. Make sure that these reports are recorded and kept up to date in the register

The items covered in this topic are:

1. of Supervisor, Erector, Inspector and Team Leader

2. Inspection Register

3. Inspection Frequency

4. SANS 10-085

5. Erection and Dismantling

6. Foundations, Bracing, Platforms, Handrails, Access Ladders

7. Safe/Unsafe Signage

HS007Temporary Works

False Work, a combination of form work and support work, is an essential and highly risk filled component of most building projects and its safe implementation is absolutely vital.

There is no room to take chances when it comes to false work. South Africa has had too many deck collapses with fatalities as a result and that because of short cuts being taken with form work and support work. It is therefore essential that all false work components to well maintained, thoroughly examined and regularly inspected.

The items covered in this topic are:

1. Person responsible to supervise all False Work
2. Person responsible to examine and inspect all False Work
3. Inspection frequency, daily, during and after placement of loads
4. Inspection register


HS008Ladders

Ladders can be found on almost any construction site and it's very easy to neglect the potential safety hazards they pose. Maintaining safety regarding ladder starts with the appointment of a competent person to inspect ladders. It is important that all ladders are inspected when first delivered onto site and thereafter at intervals not exceeding monthly. The findings of the inspections must be recorded in a ladder register. Make sure the register is kept up to date. These inspections must be done by a competent person that is appointed in writing.

The items covered in this topic are:

1. Competent person appointed to inspect ladders
2. Inspection frequency, when arrived on site and monthly
3. Inspection register
4. Safe use of ladders

HS009Fall Protection

A fall no matter how low or high can result in serious injuries and even death. Workers fail to weigh-up the risks when taking chances and shortcuts. When working at heights the last thing you do is taking a risk! In this DVD we will look at the different types of fall protection systems that have been developed to eliminate any possible chance of a fall related accident. It will also cover the role of supervisors and the responsibilities' both management and workers have to ensure no one dies from a fall.

The items covered in this topic are:

1. Competent person appointed to develop a Fall Protection Plan
2. Details of a Recovery Plan
3. Fall Protection Training
4. Types of Fall Protection
5. Inspections and Tests
6. Medical certificate of fitness to work at height

HS010Electrical Safe Guarding

Electricity is vital for the efficiency and productivity of a construction site. However with this powerful resource, comes much responsibility. The source of this power on construction site is found mainly in the form of Temporary Electrical Installations on a site. The safety process regarding Temporary Electrical Installations starts with the appointment of a competent person in writing. The responsible person must control all aspects of these installations. It is the function of this appointed person to install all the temporary installations in terms of the required standards and regulations and to issue the Principal Contractor with a Certificate of Compliance, commonly known as a COC. This person must also inspect the Temporary Electrical installations after the installation and then on a regular basis. These inspections should include the testing of the earth leakages that is found in the temporary DB boards. The findings of the inspections must be recorded on a register and be kept on site.

The items covered in this topic are:

  1. Competent person appointed for temporary electrical installations
  2. Person appointed to inspect all portable electrical tools
  3. Distributions boards, numbering and colour coding
  4. Earth leakage protection units and testing
  5. Polarity and earth
  6. Inspection registers
HS011Fire Prevention & Precautions

There are many types of material or flammable liquids on a construction site that can catch alight and if proper precautions are not in place the fire could get out of control and the result could be catastrophic. This DVD deal's with all fire hazards and precautions that need to be taken to maintain a safe working environment. The Supervisor must conduct a fire risk assessment in order to determine the type, quantity, size and location of the fire fighting equipment to be used. The local fire department or the company that service your fire fighting equipment will be more than willing to assist with this risk assessment.

The items covered in this topic are:

1. Fire Extinguishing Equipment
2. Location and Signage
3. Storage and Control of Flammables and Gas Cylinders
4. Storage and Control of Hazardous Chemical Substances

HS012Demolition Work

In order to ensure the safe execution of demolition work a competent person must be appointed in writing to supervise and control all demolition work. Before starting any type of demolition the contractor must ensure that in order to ascertain the method of demolition to be used a detailed structural engineering survey of the structure is carried out by a competent person. This competent person must develop a Demolition Work Method Statement and this Statement must be available on site at all times. During the demolition a competent person must check the structural integrity of the structure at intervals determined in the method statement. This person must also ensure that roofs or other parts of the structure are not overloaded with debris or material. Ensure that the structure does not collapse when parts of the framing and supports are removed or when reinforced concrete is cut.

The items covered in this topic are:

  1. Demolition Work Method Statement
  2. Demolition Work involving Explosives
  3. Competent Person to Supervise and Control all Demolition
  4. Inspections as per the Method Statement
  5. Structural Integrity Register
HS013Excavations

In almost any construction scenario there will come a time when earth needs to be removed or moved in order for the project to progress. Excavating is one of the most hazardous construction operations conducted on site. If a collapse occurs whilst persons are working in an excavation the result is normally catastrophic! It must be one of the worse ways to die if trapped underneath collapsing soil.

The items covered in this topic are:

1. Inspection of Excavations Work
2. Supervision of Excavation Work
3. Method Statement

HS014Tools

There are a wide variety of hand tools that can be found on a construction site. It is imperative that all tools are kept in the best condition possible. This DVD deal with the minimum requirements to ensure maximum tool safety on a site.


The items covered in this topic are:

1. Competent person appointed to examine and inspect tools
2. Physical conditions of the various tool
3. Inspections and maintenance of the tools
4. Inspection register

HS015Lifting Machinery & Lifting Tackle

Lifting machinery such as Tower Cranes, Mobile Cranes, Gantry Cranes, Teleporters and Hoists must be designed and constructed in accordance with generally accepted technical standards. Lifting machinery and all its components must be thoroughly examined and subjected to a performance test, also known as a load test.

The items covered in this topic are:

  1. Competent person appointed to inspect lifting machinery and equipment
  2. Physical conditions of lifting machinery and tackle
  3. Load testing for lifting machinery
  4. Operators' competency and appointments
  5. Inspections and maintenance log books for lifting machinery
  6. Inspection register for lifting tackle
HS016Hoists

Material hoist are very useful machinery and are often used on construction sites that involves high buildings. Although modern equipment like teleporters are preferred to be used to lift material, material hoist are still used especially were space is a problem on site.

The items covered in this topic are:

1. Inspections
2. Safe Working Procedures
3. General Requirements

HS017Conveyors

Most construction sites will use some form of site vehicle or mobile plant. These include trucks, bakkies, dumpers, bobcats, bulldozers, scrapers, loaders, TLB’s and teleporters. It is important to ensure that site vehicles and mobile plant are always in a good serviceable condition and safe to use

The items covered in this DVD topic are:

  1. Inspections
  2. Training
  3. Supervision
HS018Site Plant & Machinery

Site plant and machinery are the workhorse and backbone that drives construction productivity. This module will show you how to safely use, maintain and implement these machines into your workflow as well as inform you about the dangers they carry.

This module will cover the main types of plant and machinery that are found on construction sites:

1. Brick Cutting Machines
2. Electrical Arc Welder
3. Woodworking Machinery
4. Compressors
5. Batch plant and concrete mixers
6. Gas Cutting and Gas Welding Equipment

HS019Plant and Storage Yards

In Order to be productive in construction you need vehicles, equipment, plant, tools and material that are in a good state of repair, functional and safe to use. The maintenance and safe keeping of such equipment and material is normally done by the construction company's Plant and Storage Yard. You could say that the plant and storage yard is the backbone of the construction industry.

The items covered in this topic are:

1. Compressors
2. Lock Out Procedure
3. Ergonomics
4. Demarcation & Color Coding
5. Grinders
6. Battery Storage & Charging
7. Gantry Crane & Auxiliary Lifting Equipment
8. Presses/Guillotines/Shears

HS020Work Place, Environment, Health & Hygiene

Just because you work on a construction site does not mean that your workplace facilities cannot be clean and hygienic. In fact it is a legal requirement to provide a workplace that has sufficient toilets, showers, change rooms and eating areas that are clean and hygienic. The work environment must also have adequate lighting and ventilation and workers must be protected from excessive noise and heat.

The items covered in this topic are:

1. Lighting
2. Ventilation
3. Noise
4. Heat Stress
5. Ablutions
6. Eating/Cooking Facilities
7. Pollution
8. Hazardous Chemicals